URBAN HYBRIDIZATION - Hybrid Perspectives of Contemporary Design
ISSN: 2039-4608


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The Hybrid_Link Issues

Special Issue #01 - 2019

Research Report #01

In-between and diffuse Town
New bike stations concept

Politecnico di Milano - Research Group UHRG

Special Issue #01

Issue #05

Full Papers

For an hybrid and innovative contemporary urban Space

Issue #05

Gioia C. Sawaya
Edge and Image: The Evolving Cartography of Beirut's Urban Waterfront

Julio Alberto Cedano, Jacqueline Taylor
A New Face for The City: Detroit's Re-emerging Riverfront

Fabrizio Zanni
Nodi urbani: i waterfront
il caso dell'area "Montecolino", Iseo, Lago d'Iseo, Lombardia

Tan Shilong
Waterfront as Node

Jingwen Shan
Folding As an Experiment

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The Hybrid_LInk Issues

in Architettura e Disegno Urbano
Video delle conferenze in urbanhybridization YouTube Channel

in Architecture and Urban Design
Video recording on urbanhybridization YouTube Channel

DAStU, Politecnico di Milano, via Bonardi 9,
Building 14 "Nave" , Level -1,
"Spazio Aperto Dottorati" Conference Room, Milano, Italy

Video recordings and full papers of the lectures:

#1 Tuesday, October 14th.
Fabrizio Zanni, DAStU, Politecnico di Milano
Hybridization: a possible design strategy IT/EN
Mickeal Milocco, Politecnico di Milano
Between the Lines. Overlapping sites hybrid strategies EN

#2 Tuesday, October 28th.
Giuseppe D'Acunto IUAV, Politecnico di Milano
Uno sguardo obliquo: immagini e architetture del perturbante IT
Lorenzo Giacomini, Politecnico di Milano
La Torre e l'Onda. Chaos e Archetipo dall'Einsteinturm alla Casa de Retiro Espiritual IT

#3 Tuesday, November 4th.
(Sorry no video recording...)
Serpil Cerci
Sustainable building Design: a case study from Turkey
Full Paper EN
Nazli Tumerdem,
Geography and Infrastructure: A Case Study of Northern Istanbul and the Third Bridge EN
Xiang Ren
Rural Skin, Urban Masks: Hybridization at the edge of contemporary Chinese cities
Full Paper. EN

#4 Tuesday, November 11th.
Francesco Finocchiaro, Stefania Marletta - Officina 21
I paesaggi delle rovine Metabolismi, innesti e parassiti nei processi di trasformazione dell'esistente. Alcuni esempi in Sicilia. IT
M. Mohammad Zadeh, IMM design lab researcher and local deputies coordinator, ABC Department, Politecnico di Milano
Urban morphology, Environmental performances & Energy use: Neighborhood transformation in Rio de Janeiro via I.M.M.

#5 Tuesday, November 18th.
Carla Molinari, Diap, Universita' di Roma "La Sapienza"
Letture duali del sottosuolo urbano:il progetto di recupero di una cava nel Parco di Tor Fiscale a Roma
Full Paper IT
Stefano Bigiotti, Diap, Universita' di Roma "La Sapienza"
Tipo e luogo: adattabilita' del tipo della casa a patio mediterranea alla metropoli contemporanea IT
Marco Spada, Diap, Universita' di Roma "La Sapienza"
In-Being Crisis. Democrazia e dismissione nelle citta' post-industriali. Il caso di Taranto IT

#6 Tuesday, November 25th.
Antonino Saggio, Universita' di Roma, "La Sapienza"
Tevere cavo
Web page ENG
Fabrizio Zanni, DAStU, Politecnico di Milano
Conclusions. IT/ENG

The Conference is promoted and organised by:
Dipartimento di Architettura e Studi Urbani - DAStU
(Department: Architecture and Urban Studies)
Politecnico di Milano

Urban Hybridization (International) Research Group - UHRG
Director: Prof. Fabrizio Zanni, with Lorenzo Giacomini

IT: Italian, Eng: English; IT/ENG: Italian with translation in English.


"Unicredit Tower", Milan, Italy. Cesar Pelli. Source: Lorenzo Giacomini.


April 2014

Elina Krasilnikova,
Urban planning Department, Volgograd State Architectural and Civil Engineering, Russia.
Landscape and urban planning transformation of space-planning structure

Ceclilia Scoppetta,
Sapienza University of Rome, Italy.
Riciclare la "oil city": materiali ibridi per il progetto.

Joe Colistra,
Department of Architecture, University of Kansas.
Hybrid Models of Sustainability.

Fabrizio Medosi,
Pacific Atelier International, LLC Honolulu, USA.
The Partial Vision.

Hushaam Ali Abbasi,
University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan, currently at Anhalt University of applied sciences, Bernburg, Germany
Sustainability A Myth/Reality "What use is a sawmill without a forest" (Herman Daly).

Fabiano Micocci,
School of Architecture and Design, Lebanese American University Beirut.
The Groundscraper City A Post Crisis Vision for the City Center of Volos.

Xiang Ren,
School of Architecture, The University of Sheffield, UK.
Hybrid Building for Place-specific Resilience - Design Research of 'Sheffield Blue Loop Hybrids'.

Arquitecto, Spain
Rome Motorbike Checkpoint

Elizabeth Campbell
University of Auckland, School of Architecture and Planning, NZ.
Edi(ta)ble Urbanism: The Food, The Veil and The City.

M. Tadi, S. Vahabzadeh Manesh, M. Hadi Mohammad Zadeh
IMM® DesignLab, ABC Department Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy.
Urban form and Environmental performances, via IMM methodology: case studies.

Anup Kumar Prasad,
Dept. of Architecture, Jadavpur University Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
Green Building Awareness Centre.

The files and text or images are the property of the individual authors and may not be reproduced without their consent.

Hybridization Keywords:


FOLD Folding - PORE Porosity - SPONGE



September 2013

Anatolie Gordeev
Hybridization between Nature and Culture

Nilda Valentin
The Urban Scale of Nature: Stratification, Contamination and Sustainability

Witiya Pittungnapoo
Resilient Forms of Living with Flooding: A Case Study of Bangrakam, Phitsanulok, Thailand

Francesco Ciresi
Il progetto del Parco Archeologico

Leopoldo Russo Ceccotti
Oggetti non finiti: il caso della Citta' dello sport di Tor Vergata a Roma

Ling Ma
WATER 2.0 (waiting for the final pdf)

The files and text or images are the property of the individual authors and may not be reproduced without their consent.
The Hybrid_Link is copyrighted Creative Commons (see the end of the page)




Cecilia Scoppetta
Using imagination to transform urban spaces (and planning imaginaries)

Catalina Ionita
A new meaning for the organic. The morpho-ecological approach of the organic city

BIOS Design Collective
Bios Design Collective 2011

Scott Lloyd
Hybrid Spatial Systems

Scott Lloyd, Katrina Stoll, Aaron Roberts (Room11)

Lidia K.C. Manzo
People in a hybrid neighbourhood. Using ethnography to explore social boundaries in urban transformation

Eduardo Zimmermann
Play City. Considerations about hybridization in the contemporary city

click to enlarge

Eduardo Parra Chavarro
Concentration Block Multiple Hybridization in the Fragmentary City

click to enlarge

Paolo Vitali
Stratificazione e spazio ibrido

Volodya Domaretskii
Mobile Life Container (images only)

click to enlarge

The files and text or images are the property of the individual authors and may not be reproduced without their consent.
The Hybrid_Link is copyrighted Creative Commons (see the end of the page)


Ri Keramos Lab / officina 21

alessandra sciurello, giuseppe mirenda, massimo inzerilli, stefania marletta, francesco finocchiaro, vincenzo messina, barbaro messina, marilena genova, giovanni finocchiaro.

Atelier Zundel & Cristea

Grenelle Tower / Atelier Zundel & Cristea

The Lowline Kickstarter Video

Lidia Manzo - Neighborhood & Playgrounds -book

"This book explores the evolution of social and urban theory starting from the classic debate in the 19th century. Far from being a “mere” exploration of different definition of City and Urbanism, the aim of this essay is to focus on a multidimensional understanding of Urbanism as a means to see how different disciplines have faced the relationship between people and place."

The neighborhood our playground towards the spatial turn in social and urban theory


"ex.terra" // by AN.ONYMOUS
Winning proposal for MOMA PS1 Rockaway Call for Ideas
Very interesting.

"ex.terra" // by AN.ONYMOUS from AN.ONYMOUS on Vimeo.


Made In Brooklyn

Made In Brooklyn: A Project for the Gowanus Lowline Competition

Ibridazioni dei paesaggi urbani - Francesco Finocchiaro

Ibridazioni dei paesaggi urbani
Strategie della trasformazione nella citta' di margine, di Francesco Finocchiaro

in: Girodivite - segnali dalle citta' invisibili

Proposal Urban Reef_by shampoo

"aaDRL Parametric Urbanism III New York, Hudson Yards Proposal Urban Reef_by shampoo. Ground formation and deployment of Urban Massing".

Molto interessante. Nel loro sito (voce "Implementation) c'e' tutta la costruzione a partire dai tracciati ordinatori e dai nodi del sistema. I rendering sono molto belli. Che si apra una nuova via all'urban metabolism?

Interesting Websites
"Green Guerillas uses a unique mix of education, organizing, and advocacy to help people cultivate community gardens, sustain grassroots groups and coalitions, engage youth, paint colorful murals, and address issues critical to the future of their gardens."
"Stimolare i cittadini a un uso piu' consapevole dello spazio pubblico, verso una citta' piu' viva e libera da paure irrazionali: questo e' l'obiettivo del progetto TYPS - Tell Your Public Space."
"This blog looks at the city of Rome, past, present and future, through the lens of cultural and environmental sustainability. For over 2700 years Rome has evolved as a laboratory for sustainable urban design, landscape and architecture. While the experiments have not always succeeded, their impact perseveres. "

Hybrid street light

Hybrid street light - urban city centre

Hybrid Steven Holl

Design of Waste

A fascinating field of experimentation is the design of urban waste. The space of the contemporary city is not only composed of buildings neat and well designed public spaces, but by a multiplicity of components: infrastructures, residual spaces, waste ...:

Waste Landscape "WasteLandscape" is a 600 square meters artificial undulating landscape covered by an armor of 60 000 unsold or collected CDs, which have been sorted and hand-sewn.
It is well known that CDs are condemned to gradually disappear from our daily life, and to later participate in the construction of immense open-air, floating or buried toxic waste reception centers.
Made of petroleum, this reflecting slick of CDs forms a still sea of metallic dunes: the monumental scale of the art work reveals the precious aspect of a small daily object.
The project joins a global, innovative and committed approach, from its means of production until the end of its "life".
"WasteLandscape" will be displayed in locations coherent with the stakes of the project: the role of art in society, the sensitization to environmental problems through culture, the alternative mode of production and the valuation of district associative work and professional rehabilitation.

by LandscapeArchitects - 01/feb/2011
"What should we do with that old building? Turn it into a park. From our sustainable landscapes series, this animation covers how to reuse construction material to minimize greenhouse gasses and other waste. Learn more at".

Hofbogen Sustainable Redevelopment


"An old elevated train track in downtown Rotterdam is being redeveloped as a commercial strip and elevated park. City heating can easily be integrated in the design thereby connecting the Rotterdam Airport and developments around it to the city district-heating network. In this manner, industrial waste heat can be used to warm the pre-war buildings along this trajectory, thereby radically reducing their CO2 footprint.
The principle of cascading the heat is used. The pre-war structures can be warmed using 90Ż water (using radiators), the water that comes out at 60Ż can be used for urban agriculture in greenhouses, in turn the 40Ż water from this process can be used for new buildings with concrete core activation. Finally, the remaining water at 25Ż can be used for heating the outdoor pool ontop of the viaduct. This strategy can radically reduce CO2 footprints in existing urban fabrics".
Due libri

Dal Bauhaus alla rivoluzione informatica
Carocci Editore, 2010

FABRIZIO ZANNI (a cura di)
Ed. Maggioli 2011

Antonino Saggio, architetto, e' professore ordinario di Composizione Architettonica e Urbana presso l'Universita' di Roma "La Sapienza"; e' il fondatore e il direttore della Collana "IT Revolution in Architecture"

Profilo del volume:
Dall'avvento di una architettura esplicitamente legata al mondo dell'industria alla rifondazione etica del secondo dopoguerra, dall'esplosione della societa' e dei consumi di massa, all'emergere delle nuove concezioni di contesto, di paesaggio, di ecologia e di informatica. Architettura e modernita', dal Bauhaus alla rivoluzione informatica, ripercorre in forma saggistica, evidenziando i protagonisti e le vicende di maggiore centralita', gli ultimi otto decenni della storia dell'architettura contemporanea.
Concepito completamente ex novo, il volume si distingue dai manuali che offrono una edizione ampliata di Storie dell'architettura nate attraverso chiavi interpretative di decenni or sono. La riscrittura del passato parte in questo libro dall'oggi ed e' in rapporto all'emersione del paradigma informatico che caratterizza gli orientamenti piu' innovativi dell'attuale architettura. Il volume si inserisce cosi' in una trattazione saggistica che trasmette il senso dell'impegno e delle responsabilita' future, in una visione della Modernita' come tensione sempre presente nelle grandi ricerche dell'architettura nell'affrontare le crisi di trasformazione che investono il mondo, la societa' e gli individui con un insieme di scelte estetiche, organizzative, tematiche e spaziali ad un tempo.

Fabrizio Zanni e' professore associato in Progettazione Architettonica e Urbana presso il Politecnico di Milano
Profilo del volume:
Abitare la piega: Franco Purini parla del "piegare" come "prima operazione compositiva capace di dar luogo ad uno spazio" e sottolinea come la valenza dell'atto compositivo non cambi in presenza di linee curve o di un reticolo prospettico-cartesiano: "piegare e' piegare sia nel mondo di Borromini sia nell'universo di Terragni". Il concetto di "piega" che si pone in evidenza e' in prima istanza quello dell'architettura del suolo, della "architettura-suolo", del landform, della piegatura o folding come operazione tettonica, stratigrafico- topografica che lavora facendo emergere o immergere strati e pieghe "geologiche" del palinsesto territoriale, alle diverse scale.
Il suolo emerge come fondamentale elemento ed attore di un'architettura che riconosce da un lato il paesaggio come primo interlocutore e si costituisce inoltre come parte di esso, modificazione, alterazione, ibridazione dello stesso. Questo particolare modo di concepire il progetto interpreta "intensamente" il rapporto tra edificio e suolo fino ad assumere quest'ultimo come elemento generativo dell'idea di architettura.

"The Porous City"

The Porous City
Nadir Lahiji

About Hybridity, Porosity - Nan Ellin (book)

Hybrid Shapes

Hybrid Buildings: BEST stores of SITE Group
Fabrizio Zanni
The use of ruins in architecture is not new, considering the false romantic ruins of the romantic gardens, but SITE group use its in a different way. These "shop boxex" are completely embedded in the historical climate of the American frontier; they put also, inthe stereotypical world of commercial "bix boxex" (the casing is the content, the chain, the brand) a difference / deformity, for which the brand is recognizable by the "skin" of architecture that represents it, and not vice versa. Differences then, but also "deformity", mild and ironic: it consists of the" layers "of (alleged) front that comes off the corners, ruin the land mass as" formless blocks, he fringed on the sides, top, bottom corners. What lies beneath this "false" facade is again a closed mass (except the entrances). Here is revealed the quality of the designers, because it would be too easy to "discover" a sub- transparent, high-tech surface. Another quality of the group is given the ability to use in a symbolic way "poor" materials without load of monumental aspirations, such as concrete blocks and, in another building BEST, the humble asphalt.
The following movie is in youtube ( and also in the group SITE website:

Forme ibride: i magazzini BEST del gruppo SITE
Fabrizio Zanni
L'uso della rovina in architettura non e' nuovo, se si pensa alle false rovine dei giardini romantici, ma l'uso che ne fa il gruppo SITE e' diverso. Da un lato questi "shop box" sono interamente immersi nel clima storico della frontiera americana, da un altro essi inseriscono nello stereotipato mondo dei bix boxex commerciali (l'involucro rappresenta il contenuto, la catena, il brand) una difformita'/deformita', per cui il brand e' riconoscibile attraverso la "pelle" dell'architettura che lo rappresenta, e non viceversa. Difformita' dunque, ma anche "deformita', lieve ed ironica: essa e' costituita dagli "strati" di (presunta) facciata che si stacca sugli angoli, rovina a terra come massa "informe" di blocchi, si sfrangia sui fronti, in alto, in basso negli angoli. Cio' che sta al di sotto di questa "falsa" facciata e' di nuovo una massa chiusa (a parte gli ingressi). Qui si palesa la qualita' dei progettisti, perche' sarebbe stato fin troppo facile far "scoprire" un sotto-involucro trasparente, high-tech. Una ulteriore qualita' del gruppo e' data dalla capacita' di utilizzare in maniera simbolica materiali "poveri" senza caricarli di velleita' monumentali, come i blocchi di cemento e, in un altro edificio BEST, l'umile asfalto.
Il filmato seguente e' in youtube ( ed anche nel sito web del gruppo SITE:

Aesthetics of Hybrid

Landscape and architecture in the new hybrid aesthetics
Lorenzo Giacomini

Aesthetics section of our laboratory will aim to clarify, deepen and discuss the theoretical concepts that will underpin the design of the section headed by prof. Fabrizio Zanni, the final stage of the same laboratory, using a method of study that will match the constant conceptual analysis and iconographic presentation. In particular, the Technical Symposium will be devoted to a class already dealt with many aspects of our Laboratory in the corresponding stage last year (under the title of the landscape aesthetics and modern theories), ie the category of hybridization in which we want to give this year a central role, as a reference design and aesthetic.
As we read the web page ( genetica-delle-forme-darte) presentation of the exhibition currently at the PAC in Milan Hybrid. Genetics of art forms, it is also primarily a perspective on all of the contemporary world: "In light of the new geopolitical scenarios, with the impetus of globalization that makes more extensive social relations, the crosscultural dynamics thicken and the world reconfigures itself based on parameters hybrids". Let me tell you a process that characterizes the evolution of increasingly obvious modern both in terms of material life or on the forms and cultural trends, and is now explicitly recognized and formulated conceptually in a variety of contexts, such as artistic just mentioned, but also and especially in many areas of architecture and urban design theorists and contemporary, as in the case of the new district of Beijing programmatically headed by Steven Holl Architects as Linked Hybrid.

This process is the theme of the cycle of seminars currently underway at City University, Hybridization in Contemporary Urban Territories, headed by prof. Zanni (Ph.D. in architectural and urban design), which demonstrates with a wealth of international contributions to the presence of a widespread and significant cultural ferment about the development of this category speaking specifically architectural.
As a first approximation to the definition of hybridization in terms of our laboratory, we refer to the introductory pages (attached to the file and downloaded from the publisher Meltemi: of the volume of Carlo Pozzi, Ibridazioni architettura/natura (Hybridizations architecture / nature), Meltemi, Roma 2003. Several additional insights will also be developed with the support of some chapters of my essay: L. Giacomini, Cosmo e Abisso. Pensiero mitico e filosofia del luogo (Cosmos and Abyss. Mythical thought and philosophy of the place), Guerini e Associati, Milano 2004 (both readily available to Central City Library Studies, is the library Clup).

C. Pozzi, Ibridazioni architettura/natura (Hybridizations architecture / nature), Meltemi, Roma 2003.
L. Giacomini, Cosmo e Abisso. Pensiero mitico e filosofia del luogo (Cosmos and Abyss. Mythical thought and philosophy of the place), Guerini, Milano 2004

Web pages: (C. Pozzi, Hybridizations architecture / nature) (C. Pozzi, Hybridizations architecture / nature) (PAC Milan Hybrid. Genetics of art forms) (on -Linked Hybrid) (on - Linked Hybrid) (Emilio Ambasz, Casa de Retiro Espiritual) (Manuel Gausa, Multi-cities, geo-urbanities, hyper-Territories)

"Estetica dell'ibridazione" in italiano

La deriva dell'ibrido

Francesco Cingolani intervista il filosofo Lorenzo Giacomini per Complexitys.
L'intervista originale, divisa in sei parti e' visibile su:

Urban Aperture(s): Porosity - a new model of public space

Contemporary Urban Landcapes

Four "Genetic" changes in the urban landscape
Fabrizio Zanni

Anthropical-geographical landscape
The physical support to human activities (1) is, as we well know, as more complex and stratified than ever before. On the basis of the Roman centuriatio, that had replaced the primitive ingens silva (2) and had reclaimed the marshland of Padania, a structure that can still be seen today in many areas of Lombardia, urban and non urban signs often contradictory have overlapped throughout the centuries, often repeating the same background. In Milan since the mid nineteenth century until the Sixties of the previous century the expansive background was based on the inbound layout and was often repeated, in terms of its larger or smaller dimensions, according to the mutual ranks of residential areas. Subsequently and up until today this background contrasts with the more diffused one, with the proliferation and dispersion of anthropical activities and spaces throughout the entire physical support. We are now witnessing consolidation of this phenomenon, whose perspectives cannot yet be defined. The physical support, the anthropical space therefore possesses another "layer", made up of urban pieces, agricultural residues, infrastructures, built and un-built spaces, functional agglomerates of various kinds (3). When we speak of "landscape" we intend to discuss such structuring from a general point of view and not an analytical point of view; furthermore, the landscape implies a specific look (4) outside of this picture, that contemplates it in terms of perspective. Renaissance authors, even if the landscape concept was not yet born (there are still a few centuries to wait), built their own ideal cities starting with the perspectives established pictorially. Therefore what is the "perspective" space of the contemporary diffused city? It is an eccentric and diffused space, perhaps similar to a complex labyrinth (5); a labyrinth of labyrinths in which similar formal ensembles get caught up in distant and different places, due to the evil "genius" of globalisation of forms of settlement, but in which they meet up with "remarkable areas" of the urban system, "thresholds" of transition, spatial pauses in the urbanised continuum. Given the importance of the infra-structural networks for the contemporary city, many of these threshold areas are made up of infra-structural bonds or by the special intersection within a specific context of infra-structural bonds, infrastructures and local morphology.

Landscape as a "setting" to be consumed quickly
From trains, from public means, from the highway the urban landscape flows dynamically and looses its physical nature. The building becomes a support for publicity, the public means itself looses the emblems of "lineage", municipality or public company, in favour of a mainly publicity restyling. In Las Vegas, as we all have seen, on the Strip the bright signs count rather than the physical structures. When the urban structure becomes a setting of consumption logics rather than figures of control of personal shape, then the urban morphology looses its meaning of format of spaces and the building types tend to loose the important cogency of spatial complexes in favour of a fatal tendency of uniformity. This does not mean that the city is lost to architecture forever but it means that the form must search for different routes besides the traditional ones and must be able to swallow up the trend of rapid consumption of urban areas, before being swallowed up. Unfortunately the current trend, for example in specialised shopping centres, is to use anonymous structures, leaving the role of formal expression to the superficial publicity "skin". False towers, false arcades, false nineteenth century galleries, false historical squares complete the commercial-publicity pastiche.

The "mobile" landscape of motorways
The motorway landscape is multiple, as frequent visitors of "bridge" motorway restaurants know: it is made up of the changeable yet always the identical performance of the tarmac, the slategraytop of the beat generation (6), made dynamic by the constant flow of vehicles; but it is also the anthropical-geographic landscape that slides along the windows of travellers, the evasive icon of its real structure; finally these are the two previous landscapes seen from motorway restaurants. The architectural and urban subject of this special construction kind has been discussed in detail in the disciplinary essay (7) and in Italian literature (8). The motorway with its components has therefore become a part of imaginary literature and of the literature of "topical figures" that populate imaginary architecture: this means that it has also lost its role as a heterotopic service and its buildings, tollgates, stations, motorway restaurants, petrol pumps, rescue areas and other means including the road network, footbridges, dirt paths, grassy inclined plains and road signs have entered into the groups of architectural spaces on various scales of connections.

V. Gregotti, The territory of architecture, Fetrinelli, Milan, 1966;
For "ingens silva" refer to: From a historical point of view: History of the Italian landscape, Einaudi;
From a theoretical point of view: S. Crotti refers to this in, Architectural Figures: threshold,
Unicopli, Milan, 2000, in which the author speaks of the threshold of " …alien parts" (that) "confuse the borders betweenmundus (arch temple city) and the ingens sylva, where the form, the society and knowledge are lost.";
(3) see, for example, the horrendous "accumulations" of prefabricated industrial and artisan buildings, physically identifiable from planning zoning of the General Town Planning Scheme since the Sixties up until today.
(4) see, for example: R. Assunto, The landscape and aesthetics, Ed. Novecento;
(5) see, for example: F. Colaucci, in: "Encyclopaedia of Medieval Art." Institute of the Italian Encyclopaedia founded by Giovanni Treccani, Rome, 1996, Vol. 7 (P. 543-547);
(6) J. Kerouack, On the road;
(7) Pippo Ciorra, "Motorway restaurants. Spaces and clearings for social relations on the road", in: P. Desideri, M. Ilardi, Crossings, the new territories of public space, Costa & Nolan, Rome, 1996;
(8) Carlo Lucarelli, 'Autosole', Rizzoli, Milano, 1998;
(9) F. Zanni (by), Architecture of Network Landscapes, Clup, Milan 2001;
M. Tadi, F. Zanni, Architectural Infrastructure and Project, Clup, Milan, 2005.
This text is a part of the book: F.Zanni, "Urban Design in Contemporary Society", Maggioli, Milano, Italy

Very Flexibles Urban Spaces...

Mixed used train-track/market place
by energizerbonny - YouTube

Urban design

Urban design and morphogenesis of the generic city
Fabrizio Zanni

"where the motorway rises
above the steel structures of Monsanto
illuminated by the moon"
(Allen Ginsberg)

Questions of shape

The current formal structure of a contemporary city is one of the main subjects of current theoretical and experimental elaboration. The paradigms, the concepts, the disciplinary subjects developed to understand, explain and to face the current settlement condition in terms of development are very different and often contradictory. From a more general point of view of a "diffused city", used to stimulate one of the pre-eminent morphological-typological characters to the similar one of a "lost city" , to the koolhaasian concept of a "generic town, to the revision of the concept of "großstadt" many roads have been undertaken to reach a systematic and coherent conceptualisation. Without denying the concept of a diffused city, deriving from discussions on "urban sprawl" and refusing the ideology of "urban fragmentation", it is useful to start with the concept of a generic city that reminds us of the "urbe generica cerdiana", a paradigm of all cities that really do exist. Therefore we can define a "generic city" as the current complex form of urban living in its numerous characterisations and articulations. One of its pre-eminent natures is the upheaval of its relationship with communication networks. From an appendix of compact cities that have become the vital layout for survival against the urban "stuff". Let us now examine some characters following such upheaval, immediately after having attempted to summarise a minimum historical perspective of the urban "morphogenesis".

For a temporary classification of urban morphogenetic processes
Human activities on the anthropic-geographical support have created an urban form through precise construction throughout the years of practices, foundation rituals, disciplinary and social apparatus. The additive procedure goes back to concepts of contours, fences, figures-backgrounds and includes an urban area undergoing development and a historically precipitated area, within a new a much vaster inclusive apparatus (walls, bastions). Addition of the "Raval" in Barcelona, of the eighteenth century besides the "square" Turin and the case of Parma beyond the river constitute three important examples of a form of transformation of the historically dated city, precise and also elegant. In one part the new wall includes a part of this that it had previously excluded. The procedure characterised by urban expansion began with town and country planning of the second half of the Nineteenth century. In at least two important situations, Milan by Engineer Beruto and Barcelona by Ildefons Cerdá , the question is the same: the size of the new city compared with the previous one and the new requirements; in the first case we know that the question lies in the fear of overcoming a threshold considered as compatible with the previous one as the "natural" development of the same; in the second case with the theoretical definition of the requirements of a generic city (urbe generica) and in their application within the territorial context of Barcelona. In both cases the new urban form has, if it is not an insurmountable border (in Beruto, the ring road); not even Le Corbusier is aware of it while it prepares a rationalist city within the borders of the measure defined in 1856 by Cerda' together with the GATEPAC group.
The diffusion process, at least in the Italian case, has not been designed by anybody: awareness of the agglomerative phenomenon underway can be traced back, at least in the case of Lombardia, to the IRER acts, the MIP (Milanese Intercity Plan), to ILSES studies and to the organisations in charge of the Lombardy Region. Previous illustrious individuals, in their interpretation of North American sub-urban sprawl, are the famous studies of Christaller and Isard and, from different points of view, of Rodwyn and Gordon Cullen. The MIP will draw up maps and studies for a polycentric development of the Lombardy region and the metropolitan area of Milan that will not, however, become plan regulations. The urban polycentric nature creates the foundations for the basis of the diffused form that creates a kind of perverted expansion. Furthermore Italian studies have also been created, now perhaps out of date, that attempt to orientate the polycentric and diffusive form: the study for the city of Adda by Gregotti, the future for the "Nolana City", the study by Paolo Portoghesi for the "City of Vallo di Diano", for example, all aim at guiding diffusive pushes, even if partial and articulated throughout the territory, otherwise considered uncontrollable, within an "urban" form: these attempts are not efficient because they are contrasted by local pushes that are protected against any kind or urban and town planning coordination.

Generic City: the nature of diffused urban forms
We know that we can no longer speak about the "form of a city" in its traditional meaning as passed down by the culture of the XIX Century. The architectural project follows this destiny, attracted by forms of "living" varied, multiple and extemporary spaces that must be able to control through its instruments. The case of Euralille is worth mentioning in which the "public" spaces is incorporated within hyper-technological and substantially "private" "caverns", generating a spatial melting-pot that is very difficult to control using traditional instruments of architectural development and perhaps even more so by traditional instruments of town planning disciplines (8). The disappearance and degradation of open public spaces is a phenomenon that is difficult to contrast. Social aggregation space is moving away from urban squares and "streets" towards the sole function of shopping strips, galleries inside large hypermarkets. In a farcical way and especially with regards to decor, they resume the icons of an urban space that is now dissipating. Nineteenth century galleries or futuristic air gangways; environments almost in a liberty style or hyper-technological spaces: the external space is incorporated internally and this would not be so bad, considering that historically internal squares, passages and indoor markets, and other typological specifications of urban forms, have created public spaces that may be defined as "external-internal"; the problem is degradation of the same as pure caricature. A second serious problem, on an urban level, is determined by fragmentation of open public spaces. The specialised technical practices, technical offices, railways, organisations that own roads, energy suppliers and similar, transform the urban ground, that is to say the physical-settlement support of human living, according to partial objectives without taking into account the general layout of a "desire for forms". Motorway connections, "channelled" junctions and masses, to name but a few of the elements of interruption, break the space up into a kind of "chaos" in which the space is degraded from "public" to "public property", to res nullius. The exponential increase in residual open spaces builds heaps of unused residual areas and without any apparent possibility of redemption. The main objective of this urban project is re-qualification of open public space to be re-transformed from chaos into cosmos, from piles of fragments to space systems formally concluded and articulated. Without a doubt it is due to this phenomenon that the number of studies and projects aimed at the opposite objective has grown: recomposing, embellishing, recovering urban spaces; from gardens to public parks, from bus stops to their routes, to environments generally considered as "non urban", such as roundabouts. Going beyond the limits of the architectural project once reserved to "traffic engineering", starting with studies by Kahn for Philadelphia, is something that has accumulated throughout the years; furthermore, in many cases the architectural and urban project has been mixed with landscape architecture which has, in the meantime, moved away from the previous "art of gardens", becoming more and more involved in the detailed and architectural definition of urban and road spaces and of the intermediate space of lost cities. In this context the infra-structural network is a very special urban area together with the spaces dedicated to flows, movements, communication and exchanges. The fact that in time it has replaced the traditional public spaces of the "compact" city, as can be seen from its last "organic" transformation, the nineteenth century, is common knowledge. But a very unique fact is that proliferation of the networks has coincided, with some delay and melancholic anathema of Le Corbusier, with the "death of the road". The main civil space of urban connections in its infinite morphological-typological versions stopped existing when the network, that is to say the territorial urban project of a diffusive nature and specialised in the road itself, the band, the strip and the junction became independent. At this point the majority of specialised development and management logics is devastating the settlement system and is making an integrated development in anthropical space very difficult.

Nodes of a complex city, a project for the infrastructure
In the lost city "areas of accumulation" of tension, power, activities and flows exist constituting important planning subjects but, in reality, are abandoned to more varied technical procedures and therefore are unable to build into important "urban structures" with a well defined synthetic form. The motorway, the most "domestic" of these spaces, has created a strong element of aggregation of spaces and activities by implementing, a strange and independent way, the utopias of a linear city. The motorway, just like any specialised network, is made up of bars and nodes, characterised by apparatus that adopt architectural languages and specialised visions: from the famous "bridge" motorway restaurants, service stations and tollgates. This interior part of the motorway is presented in a heterotopical form: it is enclosed, controlled at its entrance points, it is not accessible to all locomotion vehicles. However, outside of the fence there is a large accumulation of numerous activities, especially production and sales, to modify dramatically and radically the anthropical-geographical landscape. Tidy and untidy, this settlement of limits, undergoing constant modification and accumulation, constitutes an important part of the generic city that is studied, interpreted, understood and, wherever possible, re-transformed. If the liminal settlement is one of the forms of this landscape, accumulation to the nodes of the system constitutes another agglomerative method. Small and medium sized enterprises and markets of low-cost furniture appear to favour the limit for publicity reasons, while tertiary activities and large shopping centres, recreational activities and theme parks appreciate the node, the entrance and exit point, and they accumulate around motorway tollgates. The urban and architectural project should concentrate on these nodal areas much more. There are at least two possibilities of intervention on these device "sections" of urban space: working on and especially "around" the infra-structural bars on the edges of portions of the urbanised territory that are crossed around the road infrastructures, but also the large free spaces that accompany the local railway lines, the canals or watercourses, therefore acting on and around the three main connection systems (railway, road, water). But also working on the infra-structural bars not yet created, and there are a lot in Lombardia, that have left discontinuous yet resistant traces on the earth. Benjamin states "The trace is apparition of proximity, as far away as it may be, of what it has left behind". And continuing along the traces, may mean to designers outstretching a local strategy that makes an urban petrifying forest intelligible in its internal differences, in its intervals of discontinuity and in its remarkable areas. The airport represents a kind of archetype of the lost, a global city that tends to replace the city itself, in terms of its dimension and the level of aggregation of human activities. In a positive or negative way it represents the utmost technological effort in the construction of a kind of architecture of the infra-structural node. They are nodes of a global network of super communication that bring together scales of incommensurable relations at the same time.

The urban residual public space and its redemption
The question of public space, of its progressive degeneration and of the transfer of use of urban spaces to other kinds of uses comes about when the public spaces of the nineteenth century city, in which the civic traditions of Italian cities exist since the middle ages, no longer welcome the traditional uses of space: furthermore, the new public spaces, built in the last decade, such as squares and pedestrian pavements do not succeed in replacing, in everyday use, the ones that have become the new public spaces of the lost city, that is to say the large extra-urban or peripheral-urban shopping malls. The public space, in everyday imagination, no longer lies, unfortunately, in the square, in the gallery, along the road, spaces that are rather outdated in large cities, used by tourists and by immigrants. It is easy to reach shopping centres by car with the whole family and it becomes a kind of global container allowing visitors to walk, look, buy, eat and drink at a low price.
The architectural project on different relational scales, must therefore face these problems and define a new architecture for urban public spaces that included the infra-structural networks, the peripheral-urban fragmented spaces, the margins and the borders of the lost city, articulating a new spatial morphology, a modern kind of settlement, a coherent constructive and infra-structural technology. Re-composition of the urban fragments in space systems with a recognisable settlement quality and a shape, even if complex, recognisable is the only solution for the urban project applied to the diffusive morphological-typological condition, overcoming an outdated "poetry of fragmentation" that, unfortunately, has only succeeded in generating prices of a disintegrated urban universe. In this way it is possible to rebuild, if not an urban unit that has been lost, a complexity of spaces fitted with a structural coherency. The urban project regains meaning, on a large scale, as an expression of architectural development applied to the dynamic of urban forms.

- F. Indovina, La citta' diffusa, Daest, IUAV, Venice, Italy;
- Rem Koolhaas, The generic city, in: R. Koolhaas., S M L XL, 010 Publishers, Rotterdam;
- F. Zanni, Between Infra-Spaces and SprawlScapes, in: Massimo Tadi, Timisoara 2020 Overall Vision, Alinea, Florence, Italy, 2007
- The concept of urban morphogenesis compared with the theory and the methodology of the architectural project owes its conception definition to Sergio Crotti: see: S. Crottti, Urban project and morphogenesis: for an architecture of differences, in: Urbanistica n°82, February 1986
- The concept of anthropical-geographical landscape has been developed by Vittorio Gregotti; Part two: The shape of the territory, in: V. Gregotti, Il territorio dell'architettura, Feltrinelli, Milan, Italy, 1966;



Istruzioni in italiano:
Se non sono visibili i frame video c'e' qualcosa che non va:
andare in: Internet Options -> scheda "Avanzate" -> selezionare casella di controllo Mostra immagini, nella sezione "Elementi multimediali":
installare i plug-in
In visualizzazione "Dettagli" controllare nella colonna "Stato" se esiste la voce "Installato" o "Danneggiato" a lato di "Shockwave Flash Object" e/o della Java Virtual Machine ("Java Runtime Environment 1.4.X").

In english:
Go to Internet Options> "Advanced" tab -> select "Show Pictures" check box under "Multimedia":
play animations in webpages
install the plug-ins shockwave
In viewing the "Details" check in "Status" column if there is the "Installed" or "Damaged" on the side of "Shockwave Flash Object" and / or the Java Virtual Machine ("Java Runtime Environment 1.4.x").

Urban Hybridization International Research Group

based on Politecnico di Milano
Department: Architettura e Studi Urbani - DAStU

Director: Prof. Fabrizio Zanni
Coordinators: Prof. Andrea Di Franco, DASTU Politecnico di Milano, Prof. Lorenzo Giacomini, Politecnico di Milano, Prof. Luc Levesque, Universite' Laval, Quebec, Canada,

International Scientific Board:
Michele Acuto, Oxford, UK, Francesco Cingolani , Paris, France, Anatolie Gordeev, Chisenau, Moldova, Witya Pittungnapoo, Phitsanulok, Thailand, Sara Kamalvand, Toronto, Canada, Agostino Magnaghi, Politecnico di Torino, Italia, Andreina Maahsen-Milan, Universita' di Bologna "Alma Mater", Italia, Massimo Tadi, IMMdesignLab, Politecnico di Milano, Italy.

Research Staff:
Architects: Francesco de Bernardi, A. Lanfranchi, Riccardo Lupo, Lara Magnati, Mickeal Milocco, Clara Rossi, Paolo Scarso.

Research and didactic of Waterfront hybrid design. PHD School PAUI, School of Architecture Urban Planning Costruction Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, Italy.

News from UHRG

2019 -20

Luc Levesque's new book

Luc Levesque, Peter Eisenman entre lieu et non-lieu, Vers une architecture de l'interstitiel;
Septembre 2019,Fnac;

Publisher website

Book "Topografie Operative. Ricerche, letture e progetti per l’area metropolitana di Roma"
Il volume raccoglie líesperienza di ricerca sviluppata allíinterno del Laboratorio del Dottorato di Progettazione Architettonica, Urbana e degli Interni del Politecnico di Milano svolto dai dottorandi C. Medici, A. Raffa, C. Zanda, A. Asfahari e coordinato da A. Di Franco, F. Zanni, L. Giacomini. Topografie Operative restituisce i temi di ricerca che hanno guidato líesperienza del gruppo di dottorandi del Politecnico di Milano e le letture che ne sono state generate, gli sguardi molteplici espressi attraverso il lavoro degli studenti del Laboratorio Tematico Opzionale, coordinato da F. Zanni, G. DíAcunto e L. Giacomini, ed il confronto metodologico con il gruppo di lavoro dellíEcole díArchitecture di Marseille-Luminy, diretto da L. Hodebert e coadiuvato da A. Gritti, respondabile del Laboratorio PRIN Re-cycle Italy del Politecnico di Milano. Maggioli Editore 2018. Language: italiano.

Published the book Progettare per ibridazione", editor: Fabrizio Zanni with Massimo Boffino and Lorenzo Giacomini; Maggioli Editore, Italy; Language: Italian.

- Research: "Ultralight Design Strategies, an innovative network of Sustainable Service Stations for Cyclists - SSSC in the metropolitan Milan area"
UHRG - F. Zanni - Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy, Research Director, L. Levesque - Universite' Laval, Quebec, Lorenzo Giacomini, Politecnico di Milano, Research Coordinators; Executive Director: F. de Bernardi, Staff coordinator: M. Milocco Staff: C. Rossi, R. Lupo, C. Maggi, A. Lanfranchi.

Research and didactic of Waterfront hybrid design. PHD School PAUI, School of Architecture Urban Planning Costruction Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, Italy.

- Research and didactic of Waterfront hybrid design. PHD School PAUI, School of Architecture Urban Planning Costruction Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, Italy.

Support independent publishing: Buy this book on Lulu.

- National Research Re-cycle Italy
Dal paesaggio alla fabbrica. Lo sguardo del progetto sulla Val Seriana e i suoi manufatti industriali abbandonati, Andrea Di Franco, Fabrizio Zanni.

- National Research Re-cycle Italy
Forme del territorio della produzione: il nodo di Bergamo, M. Bovati, A. Di Franco, A. Oldani, F.Zanni; in: Re-Cycle Italy - Atlante, LetteraVentidue Edizioni.

Fall Session 2014
- Seminars and Video Conferences:
in Architettura e Disegno Urbano
Politecnico di Milano
Evento finanziato dal Dipartimento di Architettura e Studi Urbani - DAStU

- Pending publication of the summary of the research: "Ultralight Design Strategies, an innovative network of Sustainable Service Stations for Cyclists - SSSC in the metropolitan Milan area"
UHRG - F. Zanni - Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy, Research Director, L. Le'vesque - Universite' Laval, Quebec, Lorenzo Giacomini, Politecnico di Milano, Research Coordinators;
Executive Director: F. de Bernardi, Staff coordinator: M. Milocco
Staff: C. Rossi, R. Lupo, C. Maggi, A. Lanfranchi.

- Libro "Keywords - concetti e luoghi emblematici del progetto contemporaneo" F. Zanni (a cura di -)
Saggi di Renato Bocchi, Luigi Coccia, Andrea di Franco, Lorenzo Giacomini, Robert Hannah e Luigi Magli, Agostino Magnaghi, Andreina Maahasen Milan, Filippo Moretti; Maggioli editore, Italy.

- April 2014:
On line Isuue #03 of The Hybrid_Link
- September 2013:
On line Isuue #02 of The Hybrid_Link

Politecnico di Milano
Milano, Italy
497 pages
Maggioli Editore, 2012

10 theoric papers in English
6 Case study papers in English
9 theoric papers in Italian
3 case study papers in Italian

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Only for University Professors:
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"Territorio" n.68/2014, Peer Reviewed Journal, rivista del Dipartimento di Architettura e Studi Urbani del Politecnico di Milano.
F. Zanni, "Ibridazioni tipologiche nella cittą diffusa. Nodi teorici e casi studio”.
"Territorio" n.60/2010; Fabrizio Zanni, “Kahn e i suoi archetipi”

Seminar "Keywords / Places - Concepts and Places of Contemporary Design"
October 18th 2011, Milan, Italy, Spazio Aperto Nave;
Politecnico di Milano;

U_H Connections

The "U_H Net" in the World:

Michele Acuto, Canberra, Australia
Ethel Baraona Pohl, Barcelona. Spain
Renato Bocchi, Venezia, Italy
Francesco Cingolani - EU -, Madrid, Spain
Elan Fessler, Prague, Czech Republic
Anatolie Gordeev, Chisenau, Moldova
Luc Levesque, Montreal, Canada
Witya Pittungnapoo, Phitsanulok, Thai
Sara Kamalvand, Toronto, Canada

Anna Arioli, Milano, Italy
Emanuele Bobbio, Torino
Luigi Coccia, Camerino, Italy
Cassandra Cozza, Milano
Marina Di Iorio, Napoli, Italy
Francesco Finocchiaro, Catania, Italy
Lorenzo Giacomini, Milano, Italy
Valeria Inguaggiato, Milan
Agostino Magnaghi, Torino, Italy
Andreina Maahsen-Milan, Bologna, Italy
Lidia K.C. Manzo, Trento, Italy
Renata Satiko Akiyama, Milanao, Italy
Massimo Tadi, Lecco, Italy
Rositsa Todorova Ilieva, Milano, Italy
Antonino Saggio, Roma, Italy
Giovanni Vaccarini, Giulianova, Italy
Nilda Valentin, Roma, Italy
Paolo Vitali, Milano, Italy
Fabrizio Zanni, Milano, Italy.

UH Books

THE UH Urban Hybidization book is available on:

Fabrizio Zanni (Editor)
Abitare la Piega
Maggioli Editore, Milano
from 20th December 2010
Language: Italiano with a text in french.

Fabrizio Zanni (editor)
Architettura Infrastruttura
Maggioli Editore, Milano 2010
Language: Italiano with texts in spanish and french.

Infrastruttura Architettura e Progetto
(infrastructures Architecture Design)
Massimo Tadi, Fabrizio Zanni (editors)
with texts of:
Danilo Palazzo Politecnico di Milano), Francesc Munoz (UAB, Barcelona, Spain, and Others. Language: italiano;

Fabrizio Zanni (editor):
Urban Design in Contemporary Society, Clup, Milano
language: english

Web sites related to the UH network

eu - ecosistemaurbano
"[ecosistema urbano] is an open system, dedicated to architectural research and design. It is characterized by a heightened sensitivity towards ecology and a commitment to sustainable cities and a sustainable planet".



Giovanni Vaccarini

Website of Istituto Lombardo per gli Studi Filosofici e Giuridici, MIlano, Italy
"Sette anni di filosofia on line, una vera e propria banca dati filosofica, una precisa fotografia dei piu' recenti sviluppi di una parte fondamentale della cultura contemporanea".

URUK mag - overview on architecture
"E' possibile individuare un tema comune nel lavoro degli architetti del XXI secolo? Oppure una modalita', un insieme di azioni ricorrenti nel loro impegno professionale? La mia opinione e' che si lavora in opposizione alla citta' contemporanea, a quel territorio sconfinato e ormai indistinto che ci ostiniamo a chiamare citta' ma e' un'anticitta'. Resta da chiedersi che cos'e' la citta' o, per meglio dire, cosa e' stata. Volendo dare una risposta retorica si potrebbe dire che ci sono tante citta' quante sono le culture che hanno determinato il successo di questo tipo d'insediamento umano. Uruk-Roma-Los Angeles, potrebbe essere un'istantanea descrizione del processo di nascita, crescita e morte della citta'.
Testo di Giuseppe Guerrera

ArchigraficA - live architecture on the web
Rivista semestrale ob-line di architettura, arte, citta', paesaggio
"Questa rivista semestrale on-line si vuole collocare all'interno di un vasto movimento culturale e di opinione che si sta consolidando da qualche anno alla base del quale v'e' la rinnovata consapevolezza della necessita' della libera circolazione delle idee e della ricerca scientifica"

Interesting Web sites
" is a not-for-profit network of architects, urban planners and designers, engineers, and landscape architects focused on developing creative, practical, and implementable planning and building design strategies that help address one of our century's most important challenges: namely, dealing with the significant future problems that will be associated with the impacts of climate change and energy transition in the context of human settlement".

Submit a paper

Articles are welcomed from scientists, scholars, and practitioners in urban hybridization, theoretic fields of architecture, urban design, landscape architecture and design, and other fields concerning the urban hybridization.
Language: English, Italian
We also accept Youtube videos: please submit embed code.

Submission Guidelines


Archives, Cultural Associations


ACMA Centro di Architettura, via Antonio Grossich 16, 20131 Milano
Tel. +39 02.70639293 Fax.+39 02. 70639761
Notizie di Architettura Costruzione Disegno.

Dipartimento di Progettazione dell'Architettura
Campus Bovisa
Archivio Piero Bottoni

Urbanistica Architettura Design Arte

via Durando 38/a 20158 Milano, Italia
tel. +39 02 23995827
fax +39 02 23995801


Dipartimento di Progettazione dell'Architettura
Campus Bovisa
Archivio Albe e Lica Steiner
via Durando 38/a, IV piano
tel. 02 23995812

Arquites e' una associazione libera ed indipendente formata da architetti di origine italiana, che operano nel territorio spagnolo che ha come obbiettivo quello di promuovere il dibattito tra due culture architettoniche, la italiana e la spagnola, che molte volte condividono un comune passato storico.


Il SESV, lo spazio espositivo istituito dalla Facolta' di Architettura dell'Universita' degli Studi di Firenze e curato da Marco Brizzi con la collaborazione di Teresa Aleman, Fiammetta Barsanti, Giulio Carli, Edoardo Cesaro, Giuliano Gatti, Annarita La Penna, Elvira Muntoni, Francesca Oddo, Viola Toccafondi, e' sede di un ampio calendario di mostre e di incontri dedicati all'architettura e al rapporto che quest'ultima stabilisce con le altre arti. Dallo scorso maggio la galleria fiorentina si pronuncia ulteriormente verso la citta' attraverso XSESV, lo spazio espositivo Extra Small, vetrina delle piu' nuove e dinamiche esperienze progettuali.

Centro Culturale Candiani - Venezia

Il centro di documentazione del Comune di Venezia, situato all'Urban Centre di Venezia /Candiani 5, archivia e apre alla consultazione i materiali prodotti negli ultimi anni per raccontare i progetti di trasformazione del paesaggio urbano.

Comune di Venezia Beni e Attivita' Culturali Centro Culturale Candiani
Piazzale Candiani, 7 - 30174 Venezia Mestre - tel. 041.2386111 - fax 041.2386112

EXPOSEUM.COM - Argentina

El Museo de Exposiciones virtuales Exposeum tiene como objectivo la investigacion y difusion del arte del siglo XX.

AUDIS - Associazione Aree Urbane Dismesse

AUDIS - Associazione delle Aree Urbane Dismesse - e' nata nel Luglio 1995 dall'esigenza di dare impulso operativo al dibattito per fare emergere i punti critici delle trasformazioni che richiedono da parte degli Amministratori pubblici e degli Operatori, storicamente contrapposti, una comune strategia.
Sito web:
E' possibile scaricare le news di AUDIS in formato pdf dalla pagina:

GisLand organizza corsi, seminari e giornate di studio sul tema dei GIS; i corsi di formazione e aggiornamento professionale sono tenuti da esperti nei diversi settori dei Sistemi Informativi Geografici.

actualite', collection Frac, expositions, service des publics, archilab

Websites, Portals, Databases


Metadata for Architectural Contents in Europe

Coffee Break

La piu' estesa raccolta di scritti di architettura contemporanea disponibile in rete in Italia.

The Urban Reinventors
Rivista online di studi urbani che fa luce sulle strategie politiche, urbanistiche ed architettoniche di "reinvenzione urbana" impiegate dalle amministrazioni locali nell'era della competizione inter-urbana e della cosiddetta "entrepreneurial governance" postfordista.
Manoscritti e contributi in lingua inglese possono essere sottoposti all'attenzione della redazione all'indirizzo:

"Under-Construction ha come obiettivo anche quello di essere uno spazio aperto in cui gli utenti stessi contribuiscono alla sua crescita."


"Revista Internacional de Arquitectura de Mexico publicando la arquitectura latinoamerica desde Miami hasta Argentina".

links is...more - a collection of architects / firms links
Elenco ampio di links a studi di architettura nel mondo.

Rivista digitale di architettura arti visive e culture.


Il portale per l'Edilizia.

Raccolta di dossier tematici sull'edilizia. e' una web directory per le costruzioni che nasce dall' idea di raccogliere articoli e soprattutto siti interessanti in materia di costruzioni. Ha come obbiettivo il confronto continuo, attraverso lo scambio di opinioni ai diversi livelli della progettazione, sulla tecnica delle costruzioni. e' il motore di ricerca delle gare di appalto in Italia; raccoglie quotidianamente avvisi di gara e bandi pubblicati sui siti web di enti e pubbliche amministrazioni.La consultazione delle schede e dei bandi allegati e' completamente gratuita.
Nessun modulo complicato da compilare, basta digitare alcune parole chiave per ottenere i bandi di proprio interesse.


Profiles of Selected Architects

"As a portal and platform for good architecture, is the first address for realty developers and private builders who want to do more than just build houses. Our distinctly individual profiles highlight successful, well-established architectural firms, exciting projects by young architects, as well as ambitious landscape designers, engineers, photographers, and light designers".

links... is more

architects/firms database
an idea by gcstyle_Florence_Italy

Grande database di siti di architetti nel Mondo.


architecture-PAGE is an online design resource, featuring architecture, interior design, product design, industrial design, design theories and more from the world over. Architecture-Page started with the idea that information about the design industry on the internet should be designed and presented in a form relevant to the web. Typically, readers don't spend much time reading on the web; they merely scan through the content. Hence, we felt the need to create a web design that communicated information effectively, yet concisely.


Pippo Ciorra, Sara Marini (editors), RE-CYCLE strategie per l'architettura la citta' il pianeta, Electa, Milano 2011.

Alberto Bertagna, Sara Marini (editors), The Landscape of Waste, with contributions by
Reanato Bocchi, Giovanni Corbellini, Enrico Fontanari, Skira, MIlano Italy 2011. Language: english.

La forma dell'urbano
Il paradigma vegetale
a cura di Oscar Marchisio e Daniele Ara
prefazione di Andrea Segre'
Edizioni Socialmente, fabbrica di libri
20 euro, 216 pagine

Disegnare oggi / Elementi di geometria - Drawing now / Elements of geometry
Maggioli publisher, Rimini 2008
Language: italian, english.

Il paesaggio invisibile
Dispositivi minimi di neo-colonizzazione
Davide Pagliarini
Libria 2008
Il libro e' ordinabile:
- compilando il modulo di richiesta sul sito
- contattando Libria Editore
- nelle librerie e nei bookstore online
Guarda le immagini del libro sul sito

Premio Ugo Rivolta 2007
SOCIAL HOUSING IN EUROPE, Ugo Rivolta Award 2007
Ordine degli Architetti PPC della provincia di Milano
Editrice Abitare Segesta, Milano 2008

Il progetto ambientale in aree di bordo
a cura di Giovanni Maciocco e Paola Pittaluga
FrancoAngeli, Milano 2007

Cartografia numerica
Manuale pratico per l'utilizzo dei GIS
Niccolo' Dainelli - Filippo Bonechi - Matteo Spagnolo - Anna Canessa
Dario Flaccovio Ediotre

Paola Giaconia
Eric Owen Moss. The Uncertainty of Doing
Skira, Milan 2006.

Giorgio Trebbi
Edizioni Clueb - Bologna
a cura di Beatrice Bettazzi.

Libri Maggioli Editore

(Infra)Luoghi - infrastruttura/architettura
Fabrizio Zanni
con scritti di autori vari
language: Itliano. francese, castellano
Maggioli Editore

Infrastruttura Architettura e Progetto
Massimo Tadi, Fabrizio Zanni
con scritti di:
Danilo Palazzo, Francesc Munoz.
Maggioli Editore

Marco Bovati, Fabrizio Zanni, CAD Codici di Architettura Disegnata, Maggioli, Milano, 2008.
Consigli pratici di disegno CAD 2D con illustrazioni e semplici spiegazioni "tecniche": come "fare" le solettte? Che retino usare? Come disegnare un edificio di sfondo a una sezione? Che penna usare?

Libri CLUP

Barcelona Cerda'
Un ejemplo paradigmatico de proyecto urbano
a cura di Fabrizio Zanni
Saggi di: Francesc Carbonell, Giovanni Denti, Francesc Magrinya', Albert Serratosa, Fabrizio Zanni.

La formulazione di strumenti di regolazione dello spazio urbano che porti alla risoluzione della condizione insediativa frammentaria e diffusiva rende sempre attuale il paradigma urbano di Ildefons Cerda'. In Italiano e Spagnolo.
Language: Italian, Spanish
Libreria CLUP

Architettura Progetto Reti
a cura di Fabrizio Zanni
Tra gli autori: Richard Ingersoll, Paul C. Adams, Henry Bakis, Massimo Venturi Ferriolo.

L'attuale condizione insediativa diffusa e' caratterizzata dal prevalere dei sistemi di mobilita' e di connessione rispetto ad altre componenti spaziali. Quale dev'essere il progetto di questi spazi della percorrenza?.
The contemporary urban sprawl seems charaterized by a prevailing system of mobility connection. Which urban & architectural design for this spaces?

Libreria CLUP

Libri Postmedia

La deformazione dello spazio Arte, architettura e disagio nella cultura moderna
di Anthony Vidler
introduzione di Anna Barbara
postmedia 2008 240 pp. -- 57 illustrazioni
In distribuzione da Settembre 2008

Postmedia nasce all'inizio del 1996 come, magazine on line. Nel 2002 Postmedia diventa Postmedia Srl con il marchio postmedia books.

Libri " Il Sole 24Ore

La progettazione delle residenze bioarchitettoniche
Stefano Parancola
edizioni il Sole 24, 2005

Questo volume, pur trattando argomenti divulgativi che attengono alla Bio architettura, si propone principalmente finalita' di carattere tecnico. Una particolare attenzione e' stata quindi rivolta al linguaggio, all'articolazione degli argomenti e al livello di approfondimento.

(*) N.B.: Questo sito non rappresenta una testata giornalistica e viene aggiornato senza alcuna periodicita'
esclusivamente sulla base dei contributi di aggiornamento professionale e culturale occasionalmente inviati e/o segnalati e senza scopi di lucro.
Pertanto, non puo' essere considerato in alcun modo un prodotto editoriale ai sensi della L. n. 62 del 7.03.2001.

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